Oxfordshire's Historic Archives

Historic Oxfordshire

Preserving and Enhancing Access to Historic Oxfordshire
Records of Archaeological Work held by the Ashmolean Museum

Site Name: Castle Bank, North Newington

Site Location: North West Oxfordshire
Related Achive: Manning

West of the villages of North Newington and Wroxton and about three quarters of a mile north east of Banbury is an almost square, single-banked earthwork called Castle Bank, enclosing about 5 acres. The corners, not the sides, are pointed north, south, east and west. The original entrance was probably in the middle of the north-east to south-west side; this is the most prominent bank, now covered in small trees (the nearest side to the water supply). The public footpath runs alongside this bank. The other banks can just be seen as rises in the crop of rape (May 2006), these three sides are in fields continually ploughed. The camp overlooks a deep ravine, with Padsdon Stream running through the valley. Madmarston Camp, Swalecliffe can be seen in the distance to the south west (top right corner in the photograph).The date of the encampment is not known excactly, it was once thought to be Roman, but there have been no dateable finds.


Beesley, History of Banbury

Victoria County History of Oxfordshire, Vol II, p318

Sutton, Oxoniensia, Vol XXXI (1966), p 37

Site Photographs

Click on picture to see a larger image
Castle Bank
Castle Bank, view north-east
Castle Bank looking east

looking east

View from Castle Bank towards Madmarston Camp
looking south-west; you can see Madmarston Camp in the top right corner
Castle Bank looking south-east

bank from footpath, looking south-east


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